South African composer and teacher. Grové was born in Bethlehem in the Orange Free State. He grew up in Bloemfontein, receiving his first music tuition from his mother, herself a music teacher. He learnt the piano, organ and flute, receiving lessons for the former two from his uncle, the well-known South African musician D. J. Roode. Grové enrolled at the South African College of Music in Cape Town in 1945, where he numbered William Henry Bell, Cameron Taylor and Erik Chisholm amongst his teachers. From 1950 to 1952 he worked as an accompanist for the South African Broadcasting Corporation in Cape Town and wrote occasional reviews for the leading Afrikaans newspaper Die Burger. In 1953, he became the first South African to be awarded a Fullbright Scholarship. He accordingly moved to the USA, where he studied at Harvard University and the Longy Music School. In America, Grové was taught by Walton Piston and, after winning the Margaret Croft  Scholarship, by Aaron Copland at Tanglewood. In 1957 Grové was appointed to a lectureship in music theory and composition at the Peabody Institute in Baltimore, where he remained, with occasional interruptions, until 1972. He then returned to South Africa, and was appointed to the staff of the University of Pretoria, where he is today Composer-in-Residence. His students have included Jeanne Zaidel-Rudolph, Alexander Johnson and Herman Jordaan.


Grové’s early works betray the influence of the Neo-Classicism of the Hindemith School, though his music is always distinguished by a fine ear for colour. In 1983, he began incorporating specifically ‘African’ elements into his music, his first work in this vein being the Violin Sonata on African Motives; Grové was in fact one of the very first composers to engage in a serious creative exploration of indigenous African music, removed from the realm of mere ‘couleur locale’. He is also one of the most prominent writers on music to have emerged from South Africa, working for many years as concert and record reviewer of leading newspapers – the bibliography of his writings includes over a thousand titles. He is also an acknowledged author of fiction, having published many short stories.


WORK LIST:


Opera:


Die bose wind (Stefans Grové), opera in three acts, 1983


Ballet:


Ballet suite, 1944


Alice in Wonderland, based on Lewis Carroll, Baltimore 1960


Waratha, 1977


Pinocchio, ballet for children, 3 acts, 1988


Incidental Music:

Uit die dagboek van ’n soldaat (N.P. van Wyk Louw), 1963


Orchestral works:


Elegy, for string orchestra, 1948


Overture, 1953


Konsertante simfonie, for chamber orchestra, 1955


Symphony 1962


Partita, 1962


Kettingrye (Chain Rows), 1978


Vladimir’s Round Table. Study in the Russian Style, 1982


Statement for future elaboration, 1983


Dance Rhapsody: Cosmopolitan City, 1985


Concertato Overture: Five Salutations on Two Zulu Themes, 1986


Overture Itubi – a Festive Dance, 1992


Invocation from the Hills and Dances in the Plains, 1994


Concertos:


Sinfonia concertante, 1955


Concerto for violin and orchestra, 1959


Daarstelling, for flute, harpsichord and strings, 1972


Concerto Grosso, for violin, cello, piano and string orchestra, 1974


Maya, concerto grosso for violin, piano and string orchestra, 1978


Suite Concertato. Homage to Bach, Handel and Scarlatti, for harpsichord and string orchestra, 1985


Raka: Symphonic Poem in the Form of a Concerto for Piano and Orchestra, after N. P. van Wyk Louw’s Raka, 1995-6


Concertino for piano, trumpet, marimba, flute and strings, 2003


Brass or Wind Ensemble:


Tower Music for brass ensemble, 1954


Suite Juventuti, for winds and percussion, 1986


Chamber Music:


String Quartet in D Major, 1946


Czardas, for violin and piano, 1945


String Trio, 1947


Sonata for clarinet and piano, 1949


Duo for violin and cello, 1950


Duo for viola and cello, 1950 (arr. of the Duo for violin and cello)


Trio, for oboe, clarinet and bassoon, 1951


Trio for violin, cello and piano, 1951


Serenade, for flute, oboe, viola, clarinet and harp, 1952


Trio for oboe, clarinet and bassoon, 1952


Sonata for cello and piano, 1953


Quintet for harp and string quartet, 1954


Divertimento, for recorder trio, 1953


Sonatina for two recorders, 1955


Metamorfose. Humoristiese variasies op ‘Baba Black Sheep’, for recorder trio, 1955


Sonata for flute and piano, 1955


String quartet, 1955


Divertimento, for flute, oboe, clarinet and bassoon, 1955


Two Movements for string quartet, 1958


Sonatine, for recorders, 1960


Three pieces for harp, 1974


The night of 3 April, for flute and harpsichord, 1975


Portret van ’n meisie, for clarinet and guitar, 1975


For a winter’s day, phantasy for bassoon and piano, 1977


Scaramouche, for bassoon solo, 1978


Tribal Dance, for bassoon and piano, 1981


Conversation for three, for oboe/cor anglais, clarinet/bass clarinet, percussion, 1978


Cyclops, for double bass and piano, 1980


Symphonia quattuor cordis, for violin solo, 1981


Herderslied, for oboe and piano, 1981


Aubade, for trumpet and piano, 1981


Koraal, for flute and piano, 1981


Chloe, for oboe and piano, 1981


Fanfare,for trumpet and piano, 1981


Bose kabouter, for clarinet and piano, 1981


Mirror on the Wall, for clarinet and piano, 1981


Swaaieande takke, for flute and piano, 1981


Hartseerlied, for clarinet and piano, 1981


Kronkelsleepsels in die sand, for clarinet and piano, 1981


Akwarel tweekeer besigtigk for double bass and piano, 1983


Concerto senza orchestra, for six cellos, 1984


Gesprek vir drie, for oboe/cor anglais, clarinet/bass clarinet and percussion (Orff instruments, glock, 3 bongos, cassa roulante), undated


Quintet for harp, flute, clarinet, violin and viola, 1986


Sextet for Cellos, 1986


Sonata on African Motives, for violin and piano, 1984


Pan and the Nightingale, for flute solo, 198?


City Serenade, for flute, clarinet, viola, cello and harp, 1985


Trio, for violin, horn and piano, 1988


Jeux de timbres, for harp, celeste and percussion (timpani, claves, gong, crotales, tamt, marimba), 1992


String Quartet: Song of the African Spirits, 1993


Sonata for Viola and Piano, 1994


Soul Bird, for flute, cello and piano, 1998


Portrait of a Clarinet Dancer, for clarinet solo, 1999


Organ Works:


Ritual, a fantasy for organ with four manuals, 1969


Chorale Prelude on Psalm 42, 1974


Rhapsodic Toccata, 1974


Afrika Hymnus I, 1991-3


Afrika Hymnus II, 1997


Piano Music:


Four Piano Pieces, 1945


Six mood pictures, pre-1947


Three Inventions, 1951


Three piano pieces, 1965


Toccata and Rhapsody, 1965


An experience in musical styles, for piano / harpsichord, ca 1970


Four piano pieces, 1975


Seven graded piano pieces for the youth, 1975


Sad Song


Cock Fighting


Night Music from a Far-Eastern Country, 1981


Bondige tokkate, 1981


Die klokke, for piano duet, 1981


Windklokkies in die nag, for piano duet, 1984


Wals van die Olifantjie, for piano duet, 1981


Songs and Dances of Africa, 1991-2


Blue Dream Valley, 1992


Jewish Folksongs, 1993


Nonyana, the Ceremonial Dancer, 1994


Images from Africa, 1998-9


Masks for two pianos, 1999


Cadenzas:


Cadenzas for Mozart’s Piano Concerto in E Flat, K 482


Choral Works:


2 Carols from Musica Britannica, 1974


Kaapse draaie (D. J. Opperman), for choir (SATB), guitar, piano, marimba, flute, clarinet and xylophone, 1974


Garden (Louis Eksteen), for female chorus (SSA), flute and viola, 1974


Landloper (Louis Eksteen), for female chorus (SSA), 1975


Lied van die Transvaal (F. J. Pretorius), for double choir (SSAATTBB), pianoforte duet, two trumpets and three timpani, 1975


Symphony, for three-part choir and orchestra, 1975 (unfinished)


Music for Easter, for Choir, organ, flute, strings and Orff instruments, 1977


Advent Music for choir, recorder and Orff instruments, 1977


Gesange 133 & 135, by H.L. Hassler, arr. Stefans Grové, 1983


Himmelskönig sei willkommen, for chorus (SATB), 2 trumpets and organ, 1982


Omnis caterva fidelium, for children’s chorus (SSA) and piano, 1985


Concerto burlesco: Gaudeamus igitur: Grepe uit die lewe van ’n eerstejaar (Stefans Grové), for narrator, chorus (SATB) and orchestra, 1992


Psalm 150 in Southern Sotho, for double choir (SATB / SATB), strings and percussion, 1996


Psalm 138, for children’s chorus (SA), chorus (SATB), African drums (two players), marimba and string orchestra, 2002


Solo Vocal Music:

Drie liedere, before 1945: 1. Dis al, (J. F. E. Celliers); 2. Berusting (Toon van den Heever); 3. Weeklag (Anon.)


Cantata profana (Stefans Grové), for two voices, flute, oboe, harpsichord and cello, 1959


Psalm 74, for mezzo-soprano, flute and harp, 1974


Three Japanese Songs, for mezzo-soprano and guitar, 1974


Five songs (Anon.: Old Chinese poems), for mezzo-soprano and guitar, 1975


Psalm 54, for mezzo-soprano, flute and harp, 1974


Light over Judea (Louis Eksteen), for mezzo-soprano and a melody instrument, 1975


Fulgebunt justi, for mezzo-soprano, alto flute and guitar, 1975


Vyf liedere op tekste van Ingrid Jonker, for soprano and piano, 1981


Bid (Petra Muller), for soprano and piano, 1988


Halfpad (Petra Muller), for soprano and piano, 1988


Daar waar jy woon (Petra Muller), for soprano and piano, 1988


7 Boesman-liedere, for soprano, string quartet and piano, 1990


Zulu Horizons (Benedict Vilakazi), four songs for voice and orchestra, 1992


Links:


ISAM


Geredigeerde onderhoud met Stefans Grové

in La Pat Koffiekroeg by die Universiteit van Pretoria

op 10 Desember 2001 deur Stephanus Muller

 

Grové, Stefans


(b Bethlehem,

23 June 1922)